Argonne National Laboratory
Argonne National Laboratory outside Chicago is the first science and engineering research national laboratory in the United States, receiving this designation on July 1, 1946. It is the largest national laboratory by size and scope in the Midwest. Argonne was initially formed to carry out Enrico Fermi's work on nuclear reactors as part of the Manhattan Project. Today it maintains a broad portfolio in basic science research, energy storage and renewable energy, environmental sustainability, and national security.