Sanjaks (Turkish pronunciation: [sanˈdʒak], Ottoman Turkish: سنجاق) were administrative divisions of the Ottoman Empire. Sanjak, and the variant spellings sandjak, sanjaq, and sinjaq, are English transliterations of the Turkish word sancak, meaning district, banner, or flag. Sanjaks were also called by the Arabic word for banner or flag, liwa.Ottoman provinces (eyalets, later vilayets) were divided into sanjaks (also called livas) governed by sanjakbeys (also called Mutesarrifs) and were further subdivided into timars (fiefs held by timariots), kadiluks (the area of responsibility of a judge, or Kadı) and zeamets (also ziam; larger timars).
Posts about Liwa
  • This Week in Digital…

    … in a psychological experiment, with the aim to find out how they respond to positive and negative messages. In a recent blog post, Facebook’s chief technology officer Mike Schroepfer has now said that the company should have done some things differently; “we should have considered other non-experimental ways to do this research.” The full blog post consists of a range of excuses and a long winded explanation, which you can find here. …

    Becky Grainger/ Search Laboratoryin Google Facebook- 9 readers -
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