Melanism is a development of the dark-colored pigment melanin in the skin or its appendages and is the opposite of albinism. Historically, it was also the medical term for black jaundice.The word melanism is deduced from the Greek: μελανός, meaning "black pigment".Pseudo-melanism, also called abundism, is another variant of pigmentation, characterized by dark spots or enlarged stripes, which cover a large part of the body of the animal, making it appear melanistic.A deficiency in or total absence of melanin pigments is called amelanism.The morbid deposition of black matter, often of a malignant character causing pigmented tumors, is called melanosis.
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