Mind-Body Relationship

The mind–body problem in philosophy examines the relationship between mind and matter, and in particular the relationship between consciousness and the brain.The problem was famously addressed by René Descartes in the 17th century, resulting in Cartesian dualism, and by pre-Aristotelian philosophers, in Avicennian philosophy, and in earlier Asian traditions. A variety of approaches have been proposed. Most are either dualist or monist. Dualism maintains a rigid distinction between the realms of mind and matter. Monism maintains that there is only one kind of stuff, and that mind and matter are both aspects of it.Each of these categories itself contains numerous variants.
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