Variable Stars

A variable star is a star whose brightness as seen from Earth (its apparent magnitude) fluctuates.This variation may be caused by a change in emitted light or by something partly blocking the light, so variable stars are classified as either:Intrinsic variables, whose luminosity actually changes; for example, because the star periodically swells and shrinks.Extrinsic variables, whose apparent changes in brightness are due to changes in the amount of their light that can reach Earth; for example, because the star has an orbiting companion that sometimes eclipses it.
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